Humberside Fire and Rescue Service

Unit 3

Unit 3 - The History and Changing Roles of the Fire and Rescue Service

Unit abstract

The Fire and Rescue Service has undergone great change taking it from its early beginnings to its present day form. The types of incidents it responds to, the appliances, equipment and techniques it uses in that response have changed dramatically even in recent years.

Knowledge of the history and development of the Fire and Rescue Service will help learners understand the modernised Fire and Rescue Service in its present form.

This unit allows learners to develop a range of team and personal skills whilst learning about the history of the Fire and Rescue Service and its changing roles.

Learners will gain an insight into how the Fire and Rescue Service was organised and operated in the past and how these things have changed. Activities will include community work as well as operational responses. This will be achieved through participation in a variety of different activities; which will culminate in learners having the ability to demonstrate a broad range of knowledge and understanding of the Fire and Rescue Service history and its role within the community.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this unit a learner should:

  • Understand the history of the Fire and Rescue Service
  • Understand the changing role of the Fire and Rescue Service

1 Understand the history of the Fire and Rescue Service

Historical timeline: why and how fire brigades were formed; timelines of when different organisations ran fire brigades; the structure of current Fire and Rescue Services in the UK and internationally

Local Fire and Rescue Service history: the history of the formation of local Fire and Rescue Services; interaction and involvement with local community; significant local incidents

Key people and events: key people in Fire and Rescue Service history locally and nationally; key events in Fire and Rescue Service history locally, nationally and internationally; key influences on Fire and Rescue Services

Recording history: different methods of recording history; visit and recognise the importance of a museum

2 Understand the changing role of the Fire and Rescue Service

Role of Fire and Rescue Service: comparison of current and historical role; local, national and international influences on the Fire and Rescue Service

Evolution of equipment: developments in operational equipment; technological advances in fire detection and prevention; alterations in communication methods in different working environments

Grading Grid

In order to pass this unit, the evidence that the learner presents for assessment needs to demonstrate that they can meet all of the learning outcomes for the unit. The criteria for a pass grade describe the level of achievement required to pass this unit.

Grading criteria
To achieve a pass grade the evidence must show that the learner is able to:
P1Outline the history of the Fire and Rescue Service nationally and locally
P2Describe how the role of the Fire and Rescue Service has changed over time
P3Describe how Fire and Rescue Service equipment has developed over time

Developing Independence and Leadership...

Use the links below to quickly jump to any unit within in the Edexcel Level 2 BTEC Award, Certificate and Diploma in Fire and Rescue Services in the Community.

Essential Resources

Fire Service Manuals/Circulars:

  • Fire Services Youth Training Association-Fire and Rescue Service Manual Youth Training and Development (Stationary Office, 31st August 2004) ISBN10- 0113412932
  • Related Fire Services Circulars e.g. FSC1/89 - Breathing Apparatus and where these have been superseded consideration should be given to these documents within your organisation.
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