Humberside Fire and Rescue Service

Unit 9

Unit 1 - Casualty Extrication by the Fire and Rescue Service

Unit abstract

This unit will enable learners to gain an insight into the casualty extrication procedures used by the Fire and Rescue Service.

The unit aims to develop learners’ skills, knowledge and understanding relating to scene management, extrication methods, equipment used and the health and safety considerations used by Fire and Rescue Services at these types of incidents.

This will be achieved through participation in a variety of different activities, which will culminate in learners having the ability to demonstrate their skills, knowledge and understanding across a range of scenarios and using a range of equipment.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this unit a learner should:

  • Understand the operational procedures applied by the Fire and Rescue Service when attending a rescue type incident
  • Know how to assess a casualty at an incident
  • Understand the casualty extraction methods, techniques and equipment that may be used at a rescue type incident

1 Understand the operational procedures applied by the Fire and Rescue Service when attending a rescue type incident

Operational procedures;

Safety precaution: scene management; risk assessment and appropriate control measures i.e. safety of personnel and equipment through the correct positioning of fire appliances; signboards and marker cones; protective clothing i.e. high visibility jacket, eye wear, gloves etc

Incident assessment: prioritising activities; dealing with fires where persons are trapped; dealing with other fires; taking note of special risk i.e. fuel sources/chemical hazards; organising and directing personnel; assessing which special equipment might be needed; assessing if casualty should be moved; liaison with police and other emergency services.

2 Know how to assess a casualty at an incident

Casualty assessment: Initial assessment e.g. ensure open airway, check breathing, check for circulation/ blood loss etc

Casualty stabilisation: preliminaries i.e. restoration of breathing; serious bleeding control; broken bones; protecting the casualty i.e. heat, vibration, sound; moving the casualty, preparation i.e. stretcher; splints, dressings; lifting i.e. to the standing position, to the lifting position, to the stretcher; use of blankets to lift; special circumstances i.e. snatch rescue; casualty care

3 Understand the casualty extrication methods, techniques and equipment that may be used at a rescue type incident

Extraction methods: evacuation i.e. main passenger doors, escape slides, emergency stairs; forced entry with little damage i.e. obvious points of entry such as doors; forced entry with considerable damage i.e. removal of door, roof, breaking through different materials

Fire and Rescue Service equipment and other equipment: special appliances; ladders; lowering lines; guy lines; rapid intervention set; step blocks; blocks and wedges; break glass tools; glass cutter; foam; tape; dust masks, blankets; slings; stretchers, seats, wheelchairs

Extrication techniques: e.g. vehicle stabilisation; glass management; space creation; dash board roll; cutting e.g. removing roof/door/safety straps; air bag stabilisation; stretchers carried above head level due to seat restrictions e.g. planes

Grading Grid

In order to pass this unit, the evidence that the learner presents for assessment needs to demonstrate that they can meet all of the learning outcomes for the unit. The criteria for a pass grade describe the level of achievement required to pass this unit.

Grading criteria
To achieve a pass grade the evidence must show that the learner is able to:
P1Explain the principles of incident assessment and scene management.
P2demonstrate a casualty assessment and a relevant casualty extrication method using appropriate techniques and at least one piece of equipment used by the Fire and Rescue Service
P3demonstrate how to maintain the Health and Safety of a casualty during extrication at a Fire and Rescue Service incident

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Use the links below to quickly jump to any unit within in the Edexcel Level 2 BTEC Award, Certificate and Diploma in Fire and Rescue Services in the Community.

Essential Resources

Fire Service Manuals/Circulars:

  • Fire Services Youth Training Association-Fire and Rescue Service Manual Youth Training and Development (Stationary Office, 31st August 2004) ISBN10- 0113412932
  • • Related Fire Services Circulars and where these have been superseded consideration should be given to these documents within your organisation.
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