Humberside Fire and Rescue Service

Unit 24

Unit 24 - Water Safety and Water Rescue Techniques used by the Fire and Rescue Service

Unit abstract

Learners will gain an insight into water safety and preventative measures that can be undertaken to avoid water related hazards and risks and the ways Fire and Rescue Service respond to water related incidents and the various operational techniques and water safety initiatives it can provide.

This unit allows learners to develop and use a range of personal skills, knowledge and understanding that underpin the Fire and Rescue Service response to emergencies in and around water sources.

Completion of this unit will be achieved through participation in a variety of different activities; which will culminate in learners having the ability to demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the ways the Fire and Rescue Service responds to emergencies involving or near to water sources.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this unit a learner should:

  • Be able to identify a range of water sources and the hazards to health and safety when moving in and around open water.
  • Explain what emergency action could be employed and the different techniques used by the Fire and Rescue Service when dealing with emergencies in or near to water sources.

1 Identify a range of water sources and the hazards to health and safety when moving in and around open water.

Water Sources: sea, rivers, canals, lakes, ponds, sewers etc

Hazards: in water e.g. diseases, fast flowing water, floating and sub-surface debris, ice; around water e.g. uneven and unstable terrain; weather: the effects of weather and yearly temperature on open water, appropriate clothing and personal protective equipment; physiology, electricity

Risks: The effects of hot and cold water on the body when immersed in water, trapped, tidal effect and currents; slips, trips and falls; entanglement, illness from contact with contaminants; electric shock

2 Explain what emergency action could be employed and the different procedures applied by the Fire and Rescue Service when dealing with emergencies in or near to water sources.

Emergency action: assess appropriate action required; contacting emergency services; passing information to emergency services; deploying on site emergency life saving equipment

Appliances and Equipment: e.g. pumping appliance, rescue appliances, boats, throw line, life vest, dry suit, rescue path, breathing apparatus

Procedures: risk assessment; safety of personnel; safety of public; initiate rescue in or out of water

Grading Grid

In order to pass this unit, the evidence that the learner presents for assessment needs to demonstrate that they can meet all of the learning outcomes for the unit. The criteria for a pass grade describe the level of achievement required to pass this unit.

Grading criteria
To achieve a pass grade the evidence must show that the learner is able to:
P1Describe five hazards associated with moving in and around a range of water sources
P2Explain three main safety control measures when working on or near water sources within the Fire and Rescue Service role
P3Identify and explain the operation and use of three items of Fire and Rescue Service equipment used in water rescues

Developing Independence and Leadership...

Use the links below to quickly jump to any unit within in the Edexcel Level 2 BTEC Award, Certificate and Diploma in Fire and Rescue Services in the Community.

Essential Resources

Fire Service Manuals/Circulars:

  • Fire Services Youth Training Association-Fire and Rescue Service Manual Youth Training and Development (Stationary Office, 31st August 2004) ISBN10- 0113412932
  • Related Fire Services Circulars e.g. FSC1/89 - Breathing Apparatus and where these have been superseded consideration should be given to these documents within your organisation.
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